The Restauration, on a plainly socio-political level, is the process of restoring the absolute rulers’ power in Europe, meaning the phase of going back to the Ancien Régime following Napoleon’s defeat. It began in 1814, with the Congress of Vienna, called forth by the great countries to redefine European borders (mainly the Austrian and Russian Empire and the Prussian and United Kingdom).

France, in this period, sees the return on the throne, with the title of “King of the French”, first Louis XVIII and then Charles X (in the painting above), younger brothers of the deposed king Louis XVI, the last “King of France”.